Dr. Long Chelsea98.com Huizhou Education_Millions of Dragons Health
China is a big country with diabetes, which is reflected in the high prevalence rate and high number of people suffering from diabetes. The number of diabetic patients reached 116 million, ranking first in the world. For patients with high blood sugar or diabetes, it is generally recommended to reduce refined starch foods that cause rapid blood sugar rise, especially refined rice noodles, but they can eat starchy foods that contain more fiber. Other foods, especially meat, may also be contraindicated for patients with high blood sugar or diabetes, but there are differences in the specific conditions and require attention. Let's analyze it together below.
For foods that are not suitable for patients with high blood sugar or diabetes, there are mainly the following three categories:
- Foods that make blood sugar rise quickly: White sugar, brown sugar, rock sugar, glucose, maltose, honey, maple syrup, chocolate, toffee, fruit candy, candied fruit, canned fruit, high-sugar fruit, soda, juice, sweet drink, jam, ice cream, sweet biscuit, cake, sweet Bread and confectionery, etc. However, some fruits with low natural sugar content (such as green apples, raw peaches, grapefruits, tomatoes, raw bananas, oranges, pears, grapes, etc.) can be eaten in small amounts. Nutritional sweeteners replace the sweetness of sugar. They produce energy after consumption but are lower than sucrose. Food ingredients often appear in: xylitol, maltitol, sorbitol, mannitol, erythritol, stevia . Xylitol does not need insulin to participate in the metabolism of the body. It is a safe sweetener for people with diabetes, but it is not good to consume too much xylitol. A low glycemic index does not mean no glycemic. Blood sugar rises; excessive xylitol can also cause triglycerides to rise, which is detrimental to blood lipids. In contrast, several other nutritional sweeteners have a lower risk and can be consumed by people with high blood sugar or diabetes. In addition, non-nutritive sweeteners (saccharin, sodium cyclamate, acesulfame potassium, aspartame, sucralose, etc.) are artificially synthesized, which may have certain health risks to internal organs such as liver and kidney, so it is not recommended Choose for patients with high blood sugar or diabetes.
2, Foods rich in cholesterol: Butter, mutton, lard, butter, butter, fat, etc. Special attention should be paid to these cholesterol-rich foods (cholesterol is easily oxidized, leading to a series of inflammations, especially causing chronic inflammation in the area near the endothelial cell layer of arteries), and should not eat or eat less to prevent arteriosclerosis The occurrence of sexual heart disease. In addition to not eating fat, animal skins (such as chicken skin and duck skin) should also be eaten less. But there are exceptions. Whether animal fat is easily oxidized or cholesterol is oxidized. Whether it will cause inflammation is also related to the overall diet (such as supplementing antioxidant foods and anti-inflammatory foods at the same time), and is more related to individual physical differences (such as Anti-inflammatory physique) varies from person to person. If you want to prevent fat and cholesterol from being oxidized, you need to take in more antioxidants (food), such as foods with high proanthocyanidin content (purple grapes, purple onions, purple eggplants, etc.), or directly supplement nutrients with antioxidant effects;
3, Not suitable for drinking. Drinking alcohol can lower blood sugar, but it is dangerous. First, alcohol affects the function of the pancreas, stimulates the secretion of insulin, and speeds up the path of blood sugar. Secondly, the metabolism of alcohol will affect the metabolism of the liver to inhibit the process of gluconeogenesis and prevent the conversion of glycogen into glucose, reducing the rate of glucose production. Finally, many sugar friends unconsciously reduce their food intake when drinking, especially the intake of starches, and also reduce the source of blood sugar. Therefore, some sugar friends will find that blood sugar is Falling. Because the alcohol contained in the wine contains no other nutrients and only provides heat. Each gram of alcohol produces about 7 kilocalories (294 joules). Long-term drinking is not good for the liver (the cause of diabetes is mainly related to liver function and intestinal probiotics), and it is easy to cause the increase of serum triglycerides. A small number of patients taking sulfonylureas hypoglycemic drugs are prone to palpitation, shortness of breath, and redness of cheeks after drinking. Therefore, for the safety of patients, it is better not to drink alcohol. Even red wine (containing resveratrol) that may be beneficial to the cardiovascular system should vary from person to person and should be used appropriately. If you must drink alcohol, no more than 15g a day for women, no more than 25g for men, no more than 2 times a week; the staple food of the corresponding energy should be deducted after drinking; hypoglycemia that may be induced by alcohol should be vigilant and avoid drinking on an empty stomach.
Regarding the problem of eating meat for patients with high blood sugar or diabetes, the second article mentioned above is not recommended because fatty meat contains high cholesterol. Should diabetics absolutely not eat meat? Not so. Diabetics can also eat meat appropriately, but they must eat healthy. Diabetics can eat healthy fish, chicken, rabbit, beef, and lean pork with less fat.
Diabetics eat lean meat, there are three major benefits:
1. Stabilize postprandial blood sugar: The protein in meat can reduce the postprandial blood sugar response of the whole meal. However, eating too much meat will increase blood sugar. Protein can be converted into glucose in the body through gluconeogenesis. Once your body has used up the proteins needed to build and repair muscles and produce nerve conduction substances, other "excess proteins" can be used to supplement the small amount of protein (amino acid) storage in the blood, or through glycogen Health supplements liver glycogen in the liver.
2. Prevent the deficiency of vitamin B12: Diabetic patients taking metformin are prone to lack of vitamin B12, and the main source of vitamin B12 is: animal food. Therefore, eating meat appropriately can prevent vitamin B12 deficiency. Other sources include dairy products and animal offal (this topic will be analyzed later), and beans can be fermented to produce vitamin B12 (such as healthy fermented bean curd).
3. Improve satiety: Diabetes patients often need to control the intake of staple food (rice noodles), and they will always feel that they are not full every meal. Although the protein and fat in meat can increase satiety, it is not recommended to have too much fat in meat, only lean meat is recommended. In the mechanism of diabetes, diabetes is not caused by eating too much meat to burden the pancreas; the reason for the increase in blood sugar is due to the imbalance of insulin, glucagon and adrenaline secretion in the body, and the blood sugar concentration in the body is too high, which greatly affects The function of the pancreas eventually leads to the occurrence of diabetes.
therefore,It is recommended that diabetics choose meat: the one in the water is better than the one on the ground, and the one with two legs is better than the one with four legs! Specific selection principle: fish > Poultry> Lean meat:
Fish(Recommended index: four-star): Fish has low fat content, and sea fish (salmon, rainbow trout, yellow croaker, hairtail, cod, etc.) also contain more omega-3 series polyunsaturated fatty acids (EPA, DHA) It helps to reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke. In addition to sea fish, sea cucumbers, shellfish, shrimps, etc., there are other good freshwater fish, such as rice field eel, carp, crucian, loach, etc., which are also healthy fish. It should be noted that turtles (reptiles), cuttlefish, squid, etc. are cool in nature.
poultry(Recommendation index: three-star): Most poultry meat eaten daily is warm chicken (while cold duck meat has higher subcutaneous fat, just remove the fat), and the fat content is relatively low (fat is generally present) (In chicken skin and subcutaneous), the types of fatty acids are better than animal fat, as long as they are not consumed in excess, they will not increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and certain tumors. Goose, quail, pigeon, etc. are also optional, and they are all flat.
Lean meat(Recommendation index: two-star): Lean meat (livestock meat) has very low fat content, high-quality protein and "good iron" content, and contains more phosphorus, potassium, and sodium. Although lean meat (livestock meat) is not our first choice for diabetics, eating some lean meat regularly can help prevent middle-aged and elderly anemia, as well as vitamin B12. Edible lean meat types include: beef, rabbit meat, lean pork, venison, etc. Rabbit meat is almost pure lean meat, the lean meat recommended here, only rabbit meat is cold.
Regarding the amount of fish, meat, and eggs for diabetic patients.
General advice: eat 280-525g fish, 280-525g livestock and poultry meat, and 280-350g eggs every week. Average daily consumption: 120-200g. But this weight also varies from person to person, such as individual differences in physique, weight gain, exercise, consumption, and so on. Generally, it is one piece the size of the palm of your hand and the thickness of your little finger. Add a little vinegar or lemon juice to the diet, which can lower the blood sugar and glycemic index of the food.
In addition to fat and skin, what other meats are bad? How to eliminate the harm?
1, Smoked, roasted, cured meat products
Such foods are often accompanied by high salt and various carcinogens introduced during processing (such as genetically modified starch, harmful preservatives, etc.). Diabetes is a high-risk factor for hypertension, so salt intake must be strictly limited; nitrite in processed foods is easily converted into nitrosamines in the body, aggravating the damage of islet cells. Of course, additional vitamin C can prevent the conversion of nitrite into nitrosamines. People who are healthy are not encouraged to eat these foods, and people with diabetes should strictly demand themselves. If you are attending a party and dinner, you can’t help but eat a little bit. You can take in more antioxidants and anti-inflammatory foods at the same time, or you can directly add antioxidant nutrients (please consult a Canadian registered dietitian and health manager: Boshilong).
2, Animal organs (especially artificially raised animals)
Diabetics are prone to lack of B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin D, as well as chromium, zinc, selenium, magnesium, iron, manganese and other micronutrients, and the internal organs are rich in these nutrients. There are also big differences in the composition of different visceral nutrients. For example, the liver and kidney contain high cholesterol, but they are also rich in fat-soluble vitamins and minerals; the fat content of the hair belly is not high, and it is rich in high-quality protein, which is a good food for weight loss. For diabetic patients, animal organs contain a large amount of cholesterol, and the oxidation of cholesterol will cause a series of inflammations and also burden the pancreas. In order to prevent cholesterol from being oxidized, on the one hand, the amount of animal organs can be reduced, on the other hand, antioxidants can be supplemented at the same time (usually fresh vegetables and fruits contain more), and on the other hand, antioxidant nutrients can be directly supplemented. Of course, various vitamins and minerals can also be supplemented with functional nutrients or functional nutritional preparations.
For the health management of patients with hyperglycemia or diabetes, if you want to reduce or eliminate the need to take drugs, and want to keep blood sugar stable, it is not enough to rely on food alone. It also requires three-dimensional detoxification and holographic nutrition health management such as psychology, exercise, acupoints, etc.
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Dr. Kyle Long is a Canadian registered dietitian + health manager. He is from the Huizhou Group, a health & investment class with "smile" fruit. "Sincere. Clear. Efficient."Chelsea98.com!