Dr. Long Chelsea98.com Huizhou Education_Millions of Dragons Health
When it comes to fat, it's a big taboo for people who lose weight, and it's a headache. In fact, it is the synthetic fat that is really harmful to our health, not the fat we eat.
So, what is the difference between the two?
- Synthetic fat,
It is that the human body uses the nutrients absorbed by the body to re-synthesize the body's own fat in the body's cells under the action of synthetase, which is equivalent to processing with incoming materials.
When our body takes in carbon water, part of it will be used (to produce energy), and the remaining part will be stored in muscle and liver cells as glycogen (muscle glycogen and liver glycogen); After that, these glycogens will produce another wonderful process-lipid renewal (DNL).
Lipid regeneration is the process by which glucose is converted into fat, and it is also the process by which humans synthesize fat. This process first synthesizes palmitic acid, which is then converted into other saturated fats, monounsaturated fats, and very few polyunsaturated fats.
In fact, under normal circumstances, the body synthesizes very little fat through lipid regeneration.
Lipid regeneration consumes NADPH, which is a type of vitamin B3 that can transfer energy from glucose to other systems. These systems include the synthesis of fat and cholesterol, but also include antioxidant defense, detoxification, and recycling of nutrients such as folic acid and vitamin K.
If too much fat is synthesized, it will consume NADPH, the energy needed for antioxidant defense, detoxification, and nutrient circulation, which greatly compromises the physiological processes that are beneficial to human health. Therefore, the synthesis of too much fat not only makes it easy to gain weight, but also destroys the energy supply of other systems, such as antioxidant, detoxification and nutrient circulation, and weakens other important physiological functions.
- Fat eaten,
That is, the animal fats, animal fats, vegetable oils, nut fats, and various trans fatty acids we eat. Of course, if you eat too much fat, if you don't exercise, these fats will also be stored in a certain way. The biochemical process of metabolism in the body after fat absorption is mainly divided into: the metabolism of four types of lipids: triglycerides, phospholipids, cholesterol, and plasma lipoproteins, which are complicated and precise by insulin, glucagon, dietary nutrition, and biochemical enzyme activities in the body. The regulation of the body is transformed into the material components required by the body's various fine biochemical reactions. The liver, adipose tissue, and small intestine are important places for the synthesis of fat, with the liver having the strongest synthesis ability.
The problem is that many people do not eat a lot of fat and still get fat. What is going on here?
In fact, in addition to high fat content, carbohydrates can also synthesize triglycerides, so foods with high starch content cannot be eaten. Triglycerides are the most important and basic material for the synthesis of fats.
Because of this, people with high triglycerides try to avoid eating staple foods in the morning. Staple foods such as noodles, rice, steamed buns, bread, pizza, etc.; and high starch foods such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, taro, yam, etc., must be cooked in a healthy way, and not at breakfast. Remember not to eat sweets for breakfast, and some desserts are high in everything except nutrition. For example, trans fatty acids are particularly harmful to blood vessels, and the excess sugar will be converted into triglycerides and entangled in the blood vessels. Eat sweets frequently. When sweets enter the body, they will be converted into fat by the liver. They may also increase triglycerides and affect the health of the body.
Low-calorie, low-cholesterol, low-fat, low-sugar, high-fiber, and high-vitamin foods are ideal foods for people with high triglycerides. For example, quinoa, oats, buckwheat, corn, white radish, carrots, various eggs, various fungi, fermented milk products, various low-purine fruits and dried fruits, etc.
For ordinary healthy people, cholesterol and fat are not very restricted, because human health is needed. As long as you keep low-carb water (including no sweets), fat is difficult to eat (a few mouthfuls will make you greasy), and most of the fat will be directly metabolized by chylomicrons, providing energy immediately.
What if you want to eat fatty meat and reduce synthetic fat (such as belly fat and subcutaneous fat)?
1. Weight control and moderate exercise are the most basic elements. Talking more and shopping more are also very good ways. Just not buying snacks when shopping, which requires a certain degree of concentration;
2. Eat more soluble fiber foods, such as fresh vegetables; eat more satiety foods, such as nuts, avocado, lemonade, etc.;
3. Gradually reduce carbs (of course, you need to ensure that your blood sugar is stable). If you really need to use a lot of brain, you can add healthy carbs such as dates, raisins, and chocolate in time;
4. Improve the basal metabolic rate, which is a magic weapon for a healthy body, smooth skin, strong immunity, and eternal youth;
5. Healthy fat and healthy protein can ensure human health, so don't worry.
According to the different physiques and physical conditions of each person, exercises must be different. How do individuals exercise? How to improve the basal metabolic rate? How to choose healthy fat and healthy protein?
Please pay attention to the course of "Canada Boshilong Detox, Body Sculpting and Immune Repair".
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (oxidized state) NAD+
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (reduced state) NADH
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (oxidized state) NADP+
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (Reduced State) NADPH
NAD is a coenzyme that transfers electrons, and it appears in many metabolic reactions of cells.
NADH is a reduced coenzyme I, used for citric acid cycle in glycolysis and cellular respiration.
NADP is also a kind of coenzyme, which is a substance in which nicotinic acid amide adenine dinucleotide and a phosphate molecule are combined by an ester bond. It is widely present in the biological world.
NADPH is usually used as an electron donor and a cofactor for many oxidoreductases (including nitric oxide synthase).
There are two sources of NADPH in organisms:
1. Pentose phosphate pathway (HMP):
HMP is a catabolism pathway of carbohydrates, which mainly has two stages: one is the oxidation stage and the other is the non-oxidation stage. NADPH is produced in the oxidation stage, and 5-phosphate ribulose is formed from 6-phosphate glucose under the action of 6-phosphate glucose dehydrogenase, and the hydrogen removed is transferred to NADP+ to form NADPH.
2. Citric acid-pyruvate cycle
This cycle exists in the palmitic acid synthesis process. Palmitic acid is synthesized in the cytosol, and the raw material is acetyl-CoA. Acetyl-CoA that exists in the mitochondria cannot pass through the inner mitochondrial membrane at will, and needs the citric acid-pyruvate cycle to transfer from the mitochondria to the cytosol. Acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate in mitochondria form citric acid, which is transferred to the cytosol and decomposed into acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate under the action of citrate lyase. Acetyl-CoA is used to synthesize palmitic acid. Oxaloacetate becomes malic acid under the action of malate dehydrogenase, and malic acid is further decarboxylated under the action of malic enzyme to form pyruvate. In this process, NADPH is formed from NADP+.
When NADPH is consumed in large quantities due to obesity, the effect of reductase will decrease, the oxidative stress reaction in cells will increase, and the chance of the body being oxidized will increase, causing cell damage; the body’s immunity will decrease, detoxification and detoxification functions will decrease, leading to a series of health problems .
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Chelsea98.com--Dr. Kyle Long, a registered dietitian, registered health manager, from the Huizhou Intelligent Financial Education Group-sincere, clear and efficient personalized FAH financial quotient and health quotient education