人体所需十大基础营养素

Dr. Long. Huizhou Million Dragon Health Education to Make More People Happy_Chelsea98.com

Nutrition is a discipline that studies the relationship between food nutrients, body metabolism and health. Facing the fact that the development of modern clinical medicine cannot completely solve the problem of human health and survival, natural medicine and nutritional medicine have become the research direction of more and more scholars. The concept of nutrition and health in modern nutrition has gradually affected and changed people's re-understanding of nutrition and health, and healthy life. Exploring the scope and relationship of basic nutrients, as well as their existence value, will have a huge impact on future social development.

人体所需十大基础营养素
人体所需十大基础营养素

The origin and development of nutrition

More than 7000 years ago, ancient China began the study of nutrition: the initial research of mankind started with whether food is poisonous. In ancient China, India, Malaysia and Persia, food was divided into "hot" (such as meat, blood, ginger, and hot spices) and "cold" (green vegetables). "Cold, hot, warm, and cold" are the four qi in the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, which were summed up by the ancients based on the different reactions and the different curative effects of natural ingredients on the human body. The Four Qi was first recorded in "Shen Nong's Materia Medica · Preface". 3000 years ago, in the era of the Yellow Emperor, people advanced food research. The "Huangdi Neijing" records the core of food: five grains are for nourishment, five animals are for benefit, five fruits are for help, five vegetables are for filling, the smell is harmonious and served to replenish lean and nourish qi. 2000 years ago, Hippocrates, the father of Western medicine, proposed the rule of diet: "Take your food as medicine, not your medicine as food." It is to eat more food and take less medicine in advance. Medical thinking focusing on disease prevention.

The "chemical revolution" in France in 1785 marked the beginning of modern nutrition. In the early 19th century, people believed that carbohydrates, fats, and protein were sources of food energy, and paid too much attention to their metabolism and their contribution to energy needs. As the oldest medical textbook in English, "Merck Handbook" was first published in 1899. It is called "Merck Handbook of Diagnosis and Treatment" in the US and Canada, and "Merck Handbook of Diagnosis and Treatment" in other parts of the world. It has a "Physician's Bible". The first chapter is about nutritional diseases. The book has made a significant contribution to the development of nutrition. Merck & Co. (Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA) is considered a global healthcare leader dedicated to helping the world become better.

人体所需十大基础营养素

Three basic nutrients

The concept of basic human nutrients may have started in the 19th century. The earliest definition of basic nutrients may be a speculation: that is to say, without this nutrient, the normal physiological functions and metabolism of the human body cannot be successfully completed. At the same time, this nutrient may not be completely synthesized by your body, or the synthesis is insufficient, most of it should come from natural food.

The earliest biologists, chemists, and doctors realized that all three types of substances, carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, can be obtained from food, but not stored in the same body organ. The three major nutrients are abundant in nature, especially in the human body. At the same time, their basic role in life is to ensure the maintenance of normal life functions. These three types of substances account for 90% of the dry weight of food and provide 100% of energy. These three types of substances can provide energy (in calories), but each 1 gram (1/28 ounce) of different substances contains different energy: 1 gram of carbohydrate or protein contains 4 calories; 1 gram of fat contains 9 calories Heat. These nutrients provide energy at different rates, with carbohydrates being the fastest and fat the slowest.

These three types of substances are digested in the intestine and are broken down into basic units: carbohydrates are broken down into sugars; proteins are broken down into amino acids; fats are broken down into fatty acids and glycerol; the human body uses these basic units to synthesize its growth, maintenance and activities The required substances (including other types of carbohydrates, proteins and fats). These three nutrients are the source of cellular energy, and the order of use by the body is: carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.

Seven basic nutrients

The discovery of vitamins is one of the great discoveries of the 19th century. Due to the discovery of vitamins, vitamins and minerals have been added to the large family of basic nutrients. In the early 20th century, people put forward the concept of five major nutrients. For the first time, food nutrition was proven to be important to health, not medicine. The five major nutrients refer to the general term of the five major nutrients: carbohydrates, protein, fat, minerals and vitamins. Later, the concepts of six basic nutrients and seven basic nutrients were successively proposed. The large family members of basic nutrients gradually expanded.

The human body needs more than 100 kinds of nutrients, some of which can be synthesized and manufactured by the human body, and there are about 40 kinds of nutrients that the human body cannot synthesize and manufacture by itself, and must be ingested through external food. The current seven major nutrients include: carbohydrates, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, and water. The first three are metabolized in the body to produce energy, so they are also called energy-producing nutrients. The seven nutrients mainly come from nine types of food: cereals, eggs, milk, roots, meat, aquatic products, beans, nuts, dried fruits, vegetables and fruits.

The addition of vitamins, minerals, and water, these three basic nutrients is well understood by us, and it is the universally accepted knowledge of natural science. Before the 1970s, there was no such word as "dietary fiber" in the world. In the 1970s, dietary fiber (cellulose) was separated from carbohydrates as a special nutrient. There are two definitions of dietary fiber. One is to define dietary fiber as the remnants of undigested plant cells in the digestive system of mammals from a physiological perspective, including cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, resistant starch and lignin And so on; the other is that dietary fiber is defined as plant non-starch polysaccharides plus lignin from a chemical point of view.

人体所需十大基础营养素

Among the seven basic nutrients, carbohydrates, fats and proteins are macronutrients and provide energy (ATP to be exact); water and dietary fiber are constantnutrients, but do not provide energy (ATP); Substances and vitamins are micronutrients (Micronutrients), they do not provide energy (ATP), but they are the basic nutrients to maintain life, most of which belong to coenzymes and participate in cell metabolism.

The Eighth Basic Nutrient Controversy

At the beginning of the 20th century, as people realized the importance of food nutrition and food structure, and the adverse effects of animal meat on health, new vegetarianism became popular in Europe and America. In fact, the Vegetarian Movement was officially born in Manchester, England in 1809, and the International Vegetarian League was established in 1908. According to the survey, the proportion of vegetarians in the UK has reached 7%, the Netherlands, Germany and France are 4.4%, 1.25% and 0.9% respectively; while the proportion of vegetarian population in some areas of Italy has reached 10% to 18%, the United States in the 1990s The survey also showed that 7% people claim to be vegetarians, and currently reach 9%. In India, various religions that advocate vegetarianism are very popular, making it the country with the largest proportion of vegetarian population in the world. The vegetarian and fast food culture in China is even longer, with a history of several thousand years.

In such an environment, the concept of phytochemicals, namely phytochemicals, began to become popular in the nutrition science community. It is mentioned in some materials that phytochemicals are anti-oxidant plant biochemical nutrients and should be included in the large family of basic nutrients. Some people even suggested that phytochemicals are the eighth basic nutrient. If biochemical nutrients extracted or discovered from plants that are meaningful to health can be included in the large family of basic nutrients, what about the animal kingdom? What about the microbial world?

However, the concept of antioxidant is really the star of the 21st century. Both the nutrition and biology circles recognize that the 21st century is the century of antioxidants. With the discovery and confirmation of vitamins A, C and E, which have antioxidant effects, selenium and zinc are generally considered as antioxidant nutrients, and people have realized the importance of antioxidants that play a physiological and biochemical role in organisms. Antioxidants can be divided into oil-soluble, water-soluble and compatible three categories according to their solubility. Antioxidants can be classified into free radical absorbers, metal ion chelating agents, oxygen scavengers, peroxide decomposers, enzyme antioxidants, ultraviolet absorbers or singlet oxygen quenchers according to their mode of action. Antioxidants are usually reducing agents, such as mercaptans, ascorbic acid (VC), polyphenols and so on. Antioxidants in the human body include: Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), Glutathione Peroxidase (GSHP), Catalase, Uric acid, etc. There are even various antioxidant enzyme systems in the human body, and there are networks formed by the interaction of various antioxidant enzymes, which can protect cells from oxidative stress. However, the antioxidants in the human body are not enough to deal with the damage of current refined foods and various toxins to human cells.

The food sources of antioxidants can be plants, animals, microorganisms, etc. The specific types include: vitamins, minerals, proteins, fatty acids, flavonoids, polyphenols, etc. with antioxidant capacity. As a result, the large family of eight basic nutrients in the human body has added Antioxidants. This concept has been recognized by more and more scholars, and they have begun to suggest or recommend it in their healthy diet for themselves, their families and friends around them.

人体所需十大基础营养素

Invisible basic nutrients: quantum energy

The oxidative decomposition of carbohydrates, proteins and fats produces ATP (adenosine triphosphate). The process of producing cellular energy from food is very efficient and fruitful. ATP is a factor that allows the energy in food to be used to make cells function. ATP can be regarded as the universal currency of body cells. The phosphate bond is the part of the ATP molecule that can carry energy, and important chemical reactions occur on this chain. The process of ATP production occurs in mitochondria, and mitochondria are foreign microorganisms. We will continue to talk about the effects of mitochondria and ATP later. However, what I want to talk about here is much more than ATP.

Qi (Qi) is a basic concept in Chinese philosophy, Taoism, and Chinese medicine. It has become the basic element of all things in the heavens and the earth, and has a flowing characteristic like gas. The life energy or power possessed by human beings and all living things, as well as everything in the universe, are the result of the operation and change of Qi. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that qi is the human body's first line of protection. It gathers in the body to protect the viscera and circulates on the skin to prevent the invasion of external evils and cause diseases. In China, the concept of Qi (Qi) is similar to what Western Europeans later called pneuma, but it does not mean lungs or breathing. In modern times, the qi in Chinese medicine has never been directly observed, and it is not completely consistent with the energy concept (which can be measured in joules and calories) used in natural science. However, modern physics and biology have taken a step forward.

The essence of energy is a conserved quantity in the motion state of an object, and multiple levels of mutual transformation can occur between energy and matter. The fundamental of life on earth is biological energy. The life of the human body starts from the fertilized egg, to its birth and adulthood, and until its death turns into mud. It has not consumed an atom (or substance), it only consumes the biological energy carried by the substance. The life-long changes of the human body are mainly the changes of its energy, and matter is only the carrier of energy movement. The changes that appear at a certain point or "cross-section" are only a manifestation of energy movement. What supports and leads the change of matter is The energy change hidden behind it is not shown.

The fundamental activity of cell metabolism is the energy metabolism cycle; the free energy generated when the ATP chemical bond is broken and reorganized is both a metabolite and a metabolic power; the metabolite is the acquired qi, and the metabolic power is the innate qi. This energy is collectively called Qi. It can be seen from this longitudinal movement thinking that the movement of life can only be the movement of energy, not the movement of apparent material. Simply put: Qi is the origin of all things, movement is the fundamental attribute of Qi, and Qi is the medium of all things. Qi and energy are the most basic elements and origins that are invisible to the naked eye and constitute the universe and all things. They have the fundamental attribute of movement. They exist in the universe and all things in various forms, transform and relate to each other, and are the material basis of the universe. ; There is no outside in the big, no inside in the smallest, which promotes the movement and change of the material world, eternally unchanged. Different forms of energy can be converted into each other through physical effects or chemical reactions. During the conversion process, the total energy remains unchanged. Therefore, Qi is energy, and energy is Qi. Without energy, there would be no qi, and there would be no existence of life.

人体所需十大基础营养素

Energy Medicine, meridian theory (qi and blood movement), etc., can be explained under this theory. The ATP energy exchange of mitochondria is actually the energy exchange between the human small universe and the natural macrocosm, and it follows the law of the mitochondrial clock. Both the energy of the large universe and the energy of the small universe belong to the substances discovered and used by human beings, and they are also part of life information and energy information, and play an extremely important role in human health. The energy balance of the human body (including the balance of life information and the balance of body information) can help individuals achieve long-lasting psychological, physical, diet, and behavioral changes that are beneficial to health, bringing about freedom from anxiety, fear and stress, and significant and lasting physical health. Variety. On the other hand, the source of human energy is not only from the three energy foods thought in the past, but also includes: exercise, sleep, magnetic field, radiation, light waves, sound waves, music, meditation, meditation, tai chi, yoga Etc., as well as various physical methods of Chinese medicine (such as acupuncture, moxibustion, massage, massage, scraping, cupping, foot therapy, hydrotherapy, etc.). Therefore, the energy element will eventually become the ninth basic nutrient of the human body, even if there is no instrument that can measure and calculate it, because almost half of the energy element is currently unmeasurable. In order to distinguish it from ATP, we can temporarily define this generalized most basic invisible energy (Energy) as: Quantum energy, that is, quantum energy.

Humans’ absorption and utilization of the eight visible basic nutrients is throughSecond brainThe digestive system (including oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, kidney, pancreas, etc.), and the absorption and utilization of quantum energy is through the senses, body, brain, etc. The terminal isFirst brain. For example, music is a kind of quantum energy, which cannot be absorbed by the human body's digestive system, but it can be absorbed and utilized through ears, skin, bones, and cerebral cortex. For the absorption and utilization of quantum energy, the final nutrients can still enter the cells, affect the operation of the brain, and have an important impact on cell metabolism. Moreover, the bidirectional information exchange between the brain and gut axis between the brain and the second brain (intestines and stomach) is The most important part of human metabolism. In fact, the eight types of basic nutrients are in terms of the biomolecules of food ingredients, focusing on the physiological and biochemical functions and molecular structure of food ingredients, and do not involve atomic or quantum changes; while quantum energy (such as music) involves quantum changes. The effect of quantum energy levels on cells. Going deeper, the metabolic process of the eight basic nutrients in human cells is actually a molecular-level quantum energy level that affects cells. In this sense, the eight visible basic nutrients and the invisible quantum energy belong to the same class. The only difference is that the visible eight types of basic nutrients may have taste and gastrointestinal stimulation; the invisible quantum energy nutrients may have brain and sensory stimulation. Cell metabolism itself includes material metabolism and energy metabolism (not just ATP), both of which are indispensable.

The concept of ten basic nutrients

With the improvement of human cognition of the world, the concept of basic nutrients is expanding. Life is the movement of energy, although it contains changes in the form of matter. The spatial attribute is the extensive manifestation of material movement; the temporal attribute is the continuous manifestation of material movement. Time can be a point or a line (one-way existence). Time sequences are not a one-way void, but can exist in multiple directions, and affect the metabolism and conversion of visible substances and invisible energy. They are the most advanced form of nutrients. why do you say so?

Timing is a time sequence with memory. For the human body (small universe), this kind of memory is the order of physiological function or metabolism, and for nature (large universe), it is the objective law of nature. The Biological clock is the simplest example. Sequential nutrition is a discipline that studies the relationship between the body's material metabolism and various nutrients in the coordinated state of the large and small universes in orderly time and space. Through the description of the history, origin, development, characteristics, and levels of nutrition in different development and growth stages of the human body, different times of the environment, and different seasons and temperature changes, we can understand the development and development of nutrition. The impact on the human body at least on two dimensions, physical and psychological.

Chronicity element (Chronicity element) refers to the various elements required for the normal metabolism of the human body. It is affected by age, season, time in many aspects such as spirit, emotion, thinking, diet, activity, and life in accordance with a certain biological rhythm and sequence. The impact with the environment has a specificity that varies from person to person. It is also because various foods or food processing products from plants have different growth and receiving seasons and times, and through different processing and cooking methods, their nutritional components are different, and the human body is also based on different ages, seasons, time and time. The environment has specific quality and quantity requirements for nutrient absorption of food, as well as requirements for sequence and food matching. If you violate this principle, you may get sick, or affect our normal sleep, diet, exercise or work, or reduce our immunity and self-healing power. This may be the Metabolic clock and is closely related to the mitochondrial clock.

人体所需十大基础营养素

Quantum energy and timing are invisible basic nutrients. So, in real life, how does the human body absorb and utilize the time sequence of nutrients? For example, 24 solar terms is a basic nutrient, which belongs to the sequence and an objective existence. The digestive system of the human body cannot be absorbed and utilized, but it can be absorbed and utilized through sight, smell, skin, brain, biological clock, respiratory system, blood circulation system, endocrine system and other parts; 24 solar terms not only affect human health, but also affect cell metabolism. Great influence. Another example is the gene expression clock (involving clock genes and clock-controlled genes), which is the key to controlling countless links in the entire life cycle. The digestive system of the human body cannot be absorbed and utilized, but it can be absorbed and utilized through the skin, brain, biological clock, respiratory system, blood circulatory system, endocrine system and other parts; similarly, gene expression clock not only affects human health through the protein expressed by genes, but also through Nutrients obtained from food and quantum energy obtained from the external environment have an impact on gene expression and further affect cell metabolism.

The healthy absorption of nutrients by the human body is not as simple as a single table meal. For example, for a delicious meal, in addition to the specific guidance and matching of the nutritionist, it must first have the appropriate timing and rhythm in line with the local physical condition at the time, and then be accompanied by beautiful music (quantum energy), of course, there may be appropriate Other company (such as family, friends, pets, flowers, etc.). In fact, diet and nutrition, we are not only talking about the tip of the tongue and sensory "eating", but the efficacy and coordination of nutrition on cell metabolism. It is impossible to lack quantum energy and timing, especially the metabolic clock.

About sunlight, air and water

Life on earth needs sunlight, air and water. Therefore, some people believe that sunlight, air, and water should all be basic nutrients. In theory, for life on earth, sunlight, air, and water are all free nutrients that can be passively absorbed, and do not need to be actively ingested or obtained. The basic nutrients mentioned above need to be obtained actively, at least they need to be simply processed or donated by others, so they cannot be obtained passively. Water is the first exception. Because the development of human society has caused damage to the earth, humans have little chance to obtain healthy drinking water. Sunlight is the second exception. It belongs to quantum energy. Humans need to feel safe and have to be Closed in the room, sunlight becomes a necessity for life and health. Although air (oxygen) may be polluted, only a small number of people currently obtain it through purchase or other means. The vast majority of people can continue to get enough air (oxygen) for free. This small group of people includes: fetuses, pilots, astronauts, divers, patients with certain diseases, and future space immigration, interstellar immigration, and so on. Because these people cannot obtain oxygen by themselves in a passive way, they must stay in a special environment and survive by actively acquiring various nutrients, including oxygen; oxygen is a basic nutrient for these people. Therefore, for most people on earth, oxygen is not a basic nutrient, but sunlight and water are basic nutrients.

In short, the top ten basic nutrients today should be: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, water, antioxidants, quantum energy, and timing. The significance of the division and existence of this basic nutrient is that it can instruct nutritionists to have a basic reference or principle when recommending nutrition and food to others, and for health managers, its significance is even more significant. , Because quantum energy and timing may sometimes be more important than food. Health and longevity, although related to innate genes, may be most closely related to the living environment, lifestyle, and attitude towards life. This is the value of quantum energy and timing. In short, people's understanding of nature and life is approaching the truth step by step, and more consideration is to make life healthier and make life more meaningful.

人体所需十大基础营养素
人体所需十大基础营养素

references:

1,7 essential nutrients your body needs. White, Dr Ross (5 June 2018). www.wellnessdaily.com.au. Retrieved 29 December 2020.

2. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids.Institute of Medicine (US) Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds.Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2000.

3. Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition. Lamprecht M, editor. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor & Francis; 2015.

4. Effect of Antioxidant Supplementation on the Autonomic Balance.University of Sao Paulo General Hospital.Last Update Posted: April 27,2018.

5. Energy Medicine: Current Status and Future Perspectives.

Ross CL.Glob Adv Health Med. 2019 Feb 27;8:2164956119831221. doi: 10.1177/2164956119831221. eCollection 2019.

6, Metabolic Control of Longevity. Carlos López-Otín 1, Lorenzo Galluzzi 2, José MP Freije 3, Frank Madeo 4, Guido Kroemer 5.

PMID: 27518560 DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2016.07.031.

7, Physiology of the biological clock. Damien Leger 1, Arnaud Metlaine 2, Claude Gronfier 3, et le Consensus Chronobiologie et sommeil de la Société française de recherche et médecine du sommeil (SFRMS).Affiliations expand.PMID: 30391272 DOI: 10.1016/ j.lpm.2018.10.011.

8, Mitochondrial Aging: Is There a Mitochondrial Clock? Dmitry B Zorov 1, Vasily A Popkov 2, Ljubava D Zorova 3, Ivan A Vorobjev 4, Irina B Pevzner 1, Denis N Silachev 1, Savva D Zorov 2, Stanislovas S Jankauskas 1 , Valentina A Babenko 2, Egor Y Plotnikov 1. Affiliations expand. PMID: 27927758 DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glw184.

*** Every article has been carefully written, edited and checked by Huizhou experts. Please trust the experts’ opinions and suggestions.If you have any questions, please email info@chelsea98.com ***

Huizhou Million Dragon Health Project Dr. Kyle Long, registered dietitian, registered health manager,-sincere, clear, efficient, FAH financial and health quotient education Chelsea98.com

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *